Bukhara is one of the oldest cities in Central Asia and one of the greatest shopping centers on the Silk Road. And Bukhara is a city-museum where you can see more than 140 architectural monuments of the Middle Ages. The historic center of the city is inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List. Sights such as the small Samanid mausoleum, which recently celebrated its millennium, Kosh-Madras, Kalon minaret and the architectural complex Poi-Kalyan, were built about 2,300 years ago and attract many tourists.
The mausoleum of Ismail Samani
was built during the life of this ruler, one of the most prominent representatives
of the dynasty, who ruled Bukhara from 892 to 907. Originally, the mausoleum
was intended as the tomb of Ismail's father, Ahmad, but later became a tomb for
all members of the royal family. This is the oldest Muslim landmark in Bukhara
and a real masterpiece of early Islamic architecture.
Weather in Bukhara
Hotels in Bukhara
All hotels in Bukhara
Cafe and restaurants
It's no secret that every region of Uzbekistan is distinguished by its culinary delights. The most famous dishes of the Bukhara region are considered by right:
Bukhara pilaf - "Osh Sophie" is more dietary than in Tashkent, and has a slight sweetness in taste due to a large number of sodding. It is also interesting because it is prepared in a cauldron of unusual shape.
Alat samsa - named after the Alat district of the Bukhara region. The dough of this samsa is very thin, not puffy and resembles pita bread in structure. Meat stuffing, with the addition of slices of tomato and bell pepper. There is almost no fat in it. Samsa is very juicy and tasty.
Gizhduvan shashlik kebab is considered to be the king among the kebabs. Very gentle taste combined with incredible juiciness and aroma of smoke.
Despite the fact that the
dishes of Bukhara are more dietary than in other regions of Uzbekistan, you
need to be prepared for the fact that the food may not be quite familiar to
your stomach. Uzbek food is very high in calories and for the first test it is
necessary to confine a small portion.
What tourists need in Bukhara in the first place is the Old Town. Its beauty falls so deep into the soul that no transport is required here (plus the city is very small). One of the most notable city sights is Kalon minaret, built by the Karakhanid ruler Arslan Khan in 1127. According to legend, the Khan killed an imam, and in a dream the killed imam asked the ruler to bury his head in a place where no one can step on it. Then Arslan Khan built a tower over the tomb of Imam. The height of the minaret is 47 m, and its ornamental stripes are trimmed with blue tiles - it is believed that this is the first use of such ceramics, which then became widespread in Central Asia.
The minaret is called the Death Tower, because once convicted criminals were executed by dropping it. And this practice ceased, by the way, only at the beginning of the 20th century.
The summer residence of the Bukhara Emirs - the Ark City Citadel - is located on Registan Square. From the most ancient times, Ark was a real fortress, where the rulers of Bukhara could sit out whatever they wanted. On the territory there was everything you need - palaces, temples, barracks, offices, warehouses, workshops, stables, a well, an arsenal and a prison. Today the museum is open in the citadel.
Labi Haws is considered the center of the Old Town. This area received the name, which in Persian means "ensemble by the pool". The rectangular pool is surrounded by three monumental buildings of the 16th century: Kukeldash madrasah, built under Abdullah II (for the period of construction it is the largest Islamic educational institution in Central Asia); the Nadir-Divanbegi madrasah, originally built as a caravanserai, but transformed into a school under Imam Kulimkhan; and the Nadir-Devanbegi Winter Mosque. Near all of this is the beautifully preserved amazing market Toki-Zargaron.
Famous poets lived in Bukhara, such as Narshahi and Rudaki Dakiki.
In addition to those described above, the architectural monuments of world importance in Bukhara include the mausoleums of Chashma-Ayuob (or the Source of Job), Buyan-Kuli-Khan, Sayfiddina-Boharzi. The cult ensemble Gaukushon at the Khodja-Kalyan mosque, the Khodja-Gaukushon madrasa, the unique Magoki-Attori mosque, the Jami palace mosque, the Ulugbek, Abdulaziz Khan madrasah, Modari-Khan and Abdullah Khan mosques continue the list of relics.
What else to do in Bukhara, if the mind is no
longer able to accommodate the views and information about historical
landmarks? Go to the bath. Seriously: Borzi-Kord Hammam is one of the most
famous public hammams in the city. Until 14:00, it is open only to local men,
and from 14:00 until midnight - for tourists. Session includes massage and
scrub. Kundzhak women's bath is located near Kalon minaret.
Photos of Bukhara