Uzbekistan 

Uzbekistan is one of the oldest regions of Central Asia, the main asset of which is a rich historical past. Already about 2000 years ago, world-famous cities such as Bukhara, Samarkand and Khiva existed here.

In addition to the archaeological and historical monuments, Uzbekistan has a rich diverse natural world. In Uzbekistan, you can engage in a variety of types of tourism: hiking, ecotourism, skiing, free ride, rafting, fishing and safari.

The most favorable time for traveling in Uzbekistan is spring (April-May) and autumn (September-November), since it is too hot in summer, especially in July, and in winter - cool and a lot of rain. The best time to visit the mountainous areas is from March to November, because the air in the mountains is not as hot as on the plains. The ski season lasts from November to April.

Geography

Uzbekistan is located in the central and northwestern parts of Central Asia, between the Amudarya and Syrdarya rivers. The territory of the republic stretches from west to east for 1,425 km, and from north to south for 930 km and amounts to 447.4 thousand square meters. km Neighboring countries: Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan. Most of the territory of Uzbekistan is occupied by plains.In the north of the central part of the territory of Uzbekistan is one of the largest deserts of the world - Kyzyl Kum. Mountains and foothills make up about 1/5 of the territory of the republic. In the east, medium-altitude and high-mountainous forms of relief prevail: the republic includes the slopes or endings of the ranges of the Western Tien Shan and Pamir-Alay, here is also the highest point of the country with a mark of 4643 m.

Climate

Uzbekistan is a sunny country. The climate is sharply continental. It is expressed in sharp amplitudes of day and night, summer and winter temperatures. The nature is arid, precipitation is low, relative humidity of the air is low. The length of the day in summer is about 15 hours, in the winter - at least nine. The coldest month is January, when the temperature in the north drops to 8 degrees below zero, and in the extreme south, near the city of Termez, it can be above zero. The absolute minimum of winter temperatures is 35-38 degrees below zero. The hottest month is July, and in mountainous areas, July is August. The average temperature in this period in the plains and foothills is 25-30 degrees Celsius, and in the south (Termez and Sherabad) it reaches 41-42 degrees.

Popular cities

Tashkent      Samarkand      Bukhara      Shakhrisabz      Khiva

National cuisine

    In Uzbekistan, the process of eating is different from standard meals, it is starting from the first course and ending with a dessert. The meal here begins and ends with drinking tea, and the process of making tea is entrusted exclusively to men. Tea helps digestion, so the Uzbeks drink it throughout the meal. The most common is green tea "kok-choi", there are also such varieties as black tea "Kora-choi", tea with sugar...

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Useful information

Time
Uzbekistan time zone +5 GMT

Tongue
Uzbek is the state language, Russian is the language of international communication

Religion
About 88% of the population of Uzbekistan are Muslim, and most of them are Sunni. 9% are Orthodox Christians. Protestants, Catholics, Jews and Buddhists also reside in the country.

Population
Over 32 million people. Currently, more than 130 nations and nationalities live in Uzbekistan. The ethnic composition of the population is as follows: Uzbeks-72%, Russians-8%, Tajiks-5%, Kazakhs-4%, Tatars-2%, Karakalpaks-2%, Kirghiz, Turkmen, Koreans, Uigurs, Jews, Armenians, Ukrainians and others

Electricity
Electricity in Uzbekistan is used 220 volts 50Hz, in hotels there are also plugs with three inlets. It is desirable that you have a suitable adapter.

Emergency phones
Fire Service 101
Police 102
Ambulance 103
MES 1050

Holidays and non-working days
January 1 - New Year
January 14 - Armed Forces Day
March 8 - International Women's Day
March 21 - Navruz
May 9 - Day of Memory and Honors
September 1 - Independence Day
October 1 - Teacher's Day
December 8 - Constitution Day
* as well as the first days of religious holidays, Ruza Hayit and Kurban Hayit

Tips
Giving tips in Uzbekistan is not accepted. However, if you like the service, you can leave tips in the amount of 5-10% of the amount specified in the invoice.

The shops
In most outlets of the country, prices are rigidly fixed, but it is customary to bargain in bazaars and in private shops - with a certain ability to bring down the price at times quite easily, especially for handicrafts and carpets. Bazaars - the best place to explore ordinary local life. Here you can buy almost everything - from luxurious carpets and silk to fruit and spices, from traditional local handicrafts to clothing and footwear. Many museums have their own small shops that offer a variety of products by local craftsmen. It must be remembered that the purchase and export from the country of goods having an age of more than 100 years is illegal. Grocery stores usually work from 08 am to 05 pm, all the rest - from 09 am to 07pm, markets are recommended to visit in the morning, and the sooner the bette


Maps of Uzbekistan (offline)