Tajikistan

The heart of ancient Asia, Tajikistan is the ancient monuments of Zoroastrianism and the treasures of the Great Silk Road, the "roof of the world" Pamir, Karakul lake and healing mineral springs. Hot Dushanbe, the ascent of Communism Peak and a hundred pilaf recipes are all about Tajikistan.

Tajikistan is rapidly distracting all the greater flow of tourists from the CIS countries. The reasons for this obvious: there are many monuments of the Zoroastrian civilization Sogdiana and the fabulous cities of the Great Silk Road, rich opportunities for climbing - mountainous region, the famous Peak of Communism and a mass of secondary, but no less interesting peaks, healing thermal springs, finally, a varied and very tasty cuisine (plov! plov! plov!) and colorful wadded robes and skullcaps dear to the heart. No visa and only 4 hours on the road.

Cities and regions
The capital is Dushanbe. The main cities are Khujand, Kulyab, Kurgan-Tube, Khorog

Entertainment and Attractions
One of the most ancient states in the world, Tajikistan offers an abundance of historical, cultural and natural sights, and it is unlikely that you can see everything for a dozen trips to the country. The capital of Dushanbe, the ancient cities of Khujand, Penjikent, Istaravshan, Isfara, majestic landscapes, lakes and rivers of the Fan Mountains, the high mountains of Badakhshan, the Pamir - the "roof of the world", Karakul and Sarez lakes, thermal springs Obigarm - this is an incomplete list of the riches of Tajikistan.

In Dushanbe, it is worth visiting the Gissar Fortress, which once served as the residence of the Bek, with two madrasas, a 16th-century mausoleum. and a vast area. Learn more about Tajik history at the Museum of Antiquities, the Museum of Archeology and the Museum of Ethnography. The most valuable manuscripts of the great Firdousi, Saadi and Ibn Sino are kept in the Republican library.

Pay attention to the monument of Somoni, the founder of the Tajik state: the crown weighs no less than 10 kg - and all this is pure gold!

The ruins of the Khujand fortress (5th century BC) are interesting in Khujand, in the Middle Ages it was considered the most fortified in all of Central Asia, the Masjidi Jami mosque (16th century). Among other things, Khujand - the place of attraction of climbers: the city is the starting point for climbing the Ak-Su array.

Penjikent, was one of the most prosperous cities of the Great Silk Road, numbering more than 5 thousand years of history, is interesting for the monuments of the ancient Zoroastrian civilization of Sogdiana, as well as for the unique excavations of the Stone Age. There are many places of worship of great people and saints: the mausoleum of the founder of classical Tajik poetry Abu Abdollo Rudaki (10th century), the resting place of a religious figure and connoisseur of Hadith Muhammad Bashoro, the Mausoleum of St. Hazrati-Bobo.

The 2500-year-old Istaravshan is famous for the beautiful Havzi-Sangin and Savriston mosques, the Mausoleum and the Hazrati-Schoch mosque, the blue dome of the Kok-Gumbaz madrasah. Among the archaeological monuments are the excavations of the ancient settlement Mugteppe and the medieval fortress Kakh-Kakha.

Trips along the Pamir Highway, a high-altitude asphalt road more than 700 km long are popular: from the city of Khorog, the center of Ismailism, along the border with Afghanistan and China to Kyrgyz Osh. In the region of Lake Karakul there are rich opportunities for climbing.

Geography

Tajikistan is located in Central Asia. The total area of ​​Tajikistan is 143,100 square kilometers. Tajikistan borders with Afghanistan in the south, China in the east, Kyrgyzstan in the north, and Uzbekistan in the west. Tajikistan is landlocked. The geography of Tajikistan is characterized by an abundance of mountains. Almost 93% of the territory of Tajikistan has mountainous terrain. From the mountains prevail: Zaalaysky ridge in the north of the country, and the Pamir Mountains in the south-east. Over half of the country is located at an altitude above 3,000 meters above sea level. The highest point of Tajikistan is the peak of Ismoil Somoni (height 7,495 meters). Numerous mountains of Tajikistan are cut up by deep valleys formed by the interweaving of cold rivers. In the eastern mountains there are many glaciers. The Fedchenko Glacier (surrounding the highest peaks of the country) covers a distance of 700 square kilometers, and is the largest non-polar glacier in the world.

Climate

Tajikistan has a sharply continental, arid climate, with pronounced high-altitude zonality. The subtropical climate reigns in the low valleys, in the middle tiers of the mountains it gives way to a moderately warm, and in the highlands - to the cold. The average July temperature in the valleys is +23 ... + 30 ° C, in January - 0 ... + 2 ° C. In the high regions of the mountains in winter there are often frosts up to -27 ° C (in the Pamirs up to -50 ° C), it is not hot here in summer either from +4 to +15 ° C, depending on the height. From October to May, storms rage in the mountains; in summer and early autumn sandstorms occur on the plains, which can last up to a week or more. The best time to visit the southern regions of the country is March-April, when the valleys turn into a large and bright flower carpet. For mountain climbing on the Pamirs, the period from July to September is favorable; It also makes sense to go on country tours in September.

National cuisine

Tajikistan is equal to pilaf. There are more than four hundred recipes for its preparation: each has its own village. Instead of rice in the pilaf often used unleavened noodles, roasted in the oven and crushed to the size of rice grains. By the way, in Tajikistan they also love nourishing cereals with meat, most often based on rice. Unlike pilau, this dish is "wet". From meat Tajiks prefer mutton and goat meat, there are many dishes of horse meat.

Beef is served less frequently, and pork, for obvious reasons, is completely absent. Meat or vegetable kebabs with fat tail and all kinds of "kabobs" - Asian kebabs, minced meat sausages are extremely popular. All dishes are richly seasoned with spices, onions, herbs and aromatic herbs. It is customary to drink the meal with airan - sour milk. By the way, there are a great variety of fermented milk products. From soups, you can select vegetable "shurbo" with lamb or goat meat, seasoned with garlic and basil, rich "ugro" noodles with meat, rice "shavlya", "khash" from lamb, dumplings "tushbera" and "naryn" - horse meat soup .

For dessert, you should try puff patties "Sambusa", baked in tandoor or "pilita" - an analogue of "brushwood". And of course, you need to finish lunch with fragrant Tajik green tea.

Useful information

Time
Uzbekistan time zone +5 GMT

Tongue
The official languages ​​in Tajikistan are Tajik, Russian and Persian.

Religion
The overwhelming majority of the population of Tajikistan are Muslims (mostly Sunni Muslims). In Gorno-Badakhshan there are Shiites - the Ismaili religious minority (about 150 thousand in Gorno-Badakhshan). 85 non-Muslim religious associations are registered in Tajikistan. Among them, the main part are Muslims and Christians. Also, 4 Baha'i communities, one Zoroastrian and one Jewish community are registered in the country. In Tajikistan, the only political party in Central Asia, the Party of Islamic Renaissance in Tajikistan, was registered and acted.

Population
8.921 million people (2017). The share of Tajiks is 86%

Emergency phones
Fire Service 101
Police 102
Ambulance 103
Emergency operational service 112

Connection
International dialing code of Tajikistan +992

Currency
The official monetary unit of Tajikistan is somoni.

Holidays and non-working days
January 1 - New Year
February 23 - Day of the armed forces of the Republic of Tajikistan
March 8 - Mother's Day
March 21 - March 24 - International holiday Nowruz
May 1 - International Day of Unity of Workers
May 9 - Victory Day of the peoples in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945
June 27 - National Unity Day
September 9 - Independence Day of the Republic of Tajikistan
October 2 - Mehrgan Holiday
October 5 - Day of the State Language of the Republic of Tajikistan
November 6 - Constitution Day of the Republic of Tajikistan
November 24 - Day of the National Flag of Tajikistan
the date changes - Uraza Bayram
date changes - Kurban-bairam

Transport
In Tajikistan, it is most convenient to travel by bus and minibus (the usual "cars" for 4 passengers and minibuses for 12). The first ply on a schedule between the main cities of the country (mainly in the region of Dushanbe and southern Tajikistan), the second - in all other areas where people need to go somewhere. Minibuses go on a journey only when all the places are filled. If you do not want to wait, you can pay for the empty seats and go on the road immediately.

The shops
Weaving and embroidery - this is what first of all famous Tajikistan. The number one souvenir is national clothes: famous wadded robes (by the way, they are not hot in summer due to the thick buffer), embroidered belts and skullcaps, dresses, and bloomers. You should pay attention to the traditional leather shoes: boots, boots and sandals - they literally do not have to be demolished. From Tajikistan you can bring suzane wall carpets embroidered with silk or embroidery floss, bed covers "ruijo", tablecloths "dastarkhan". Very nice ceramic products - created on a circle or molded by hand. Women will enjoy multi-tiered silver necklaces, embroidered bracelets and earrings with national motifs. Be sure to pay attention to the home and very comfortable rugs, as well as traditional figurines.

The formidable, but good-natured Pamiri yaks provide Tajikistan with wool, from which extremely warm socks, scarves and mittens are knitted.

Photogallery