Kyrgyzstan

Our exotic neighbor Kyrgyzstan appears to the tourist as the mountain ranges of the Pamir and Tien Shan, the blue open spaces of the Issyk-Kul lake and endless steppes. Magnificent nature, ancient cities of Asia, mountaineering and trekking are all about Kyrgyzstan: news, maps, tours and photos.

The diamond in the Asian crown of ancient empires, Kyrgyzstan, is still little studied by domestic tourists. And it is in vain - for the abundance of natural and historical attractions, opportunities for beach holidays, treatment and skiing, this country is truly unparalleled. On the territory of Kyrgyzstan there are the "heavenly mountains" of the Tien-Shan and the Pamir ranges stretch, here conceals the riches of Genghis Khan the purest high-mountainous lake Issyk-Kul, relic nut forests grow and beat hot sulfur keys. However, Kyrgyzstan has prepared a lot of surprises for the idle "caretaker": colorful yurts and felt carpets (and very good hotels), koumiss and Osh pilaf, traditional equestrian competitions, chants, tales and legends. In short, Asia in all its glory is what Kyrgyzstan is!

Cities and regions
Capital - Bishkek. Popular cities - Osh, Karakol, Narin, Balikchi, Kara-Balta, Talas

Entertainment and Attractions
Unique natural sights and ancient cities of the Great Silk Road - these are two trumps of Kyrgyzstan in attracting tourists. On the territory of the state lie the Tien Shan and Pamir ridges, here is one of the largest and deepest lakes of the planet - Issyk-Kul, praised by poets of the East, relict walnut forests of the Arslanbob oasis, the Dzhety Oguz gorge and the Radon-hydrogen sulfide thermal springs, the legendary Son- Kul and Sary-Chelek, Inylchek giant glacier and many other wonders of nature. Mountain lovers climb the peaks of Lenin, Pobeda and Khan-Tengri, trekking fans explore the Turkestan range and lakes of the Western Tien Shan, and the skiers are waiting - they won't wait for the opening of the season to be the first to cut snow on the slopes of Kashka-Suu, Norus and Too Ashu. . By the way, skiing Kyrgyzstan offers rich opportunities for Heliski and paragliding.

Bishkek sights: the ancient and colorful Osh bazaar, Ala-Too Square, the Independence Monument and the Parliament Building, the Museum of National History and the Museum of Art, the historic oak forest and the Erkindik Gallery. In the vicinity of the city, it is worth visiting the Baityk Valley Natural Park and climbing Boz-Peldek Mountain, which offers a beautiful view of Bishkek. At the southern slope of the mountain there is a cemetery "Khan's graves", where the legendary ruler of the valley is buried. Pay attention to the forged tower with a magnificent dome. Rare plants can be seen in the Chon-Aryk botanical reserve, and health can be improved in the peat mud deposit in the village of Kamyshanovka.

In Osh, there are wonderful monuments of Islamic architecture of the Fergana style: Alymbek Paravanchi madrasa and Mukhamedba Turk Turk Muratbayev, Sadykbai and Shahid-Tepa mosques. It is worth visiting the Russian Orthodox Michael the Archangel Church (the beginning of the 20th century). Among the historical sights - an ancient cemetery, a complex of medieval baths, ancient petroglyphs. In addition, Osh is the "gateway to the mountains": from here you can climb the Pamir and Tien Shan, see the caves of Chil-Ustun and Chil-Mayram, as well as the unique karst spring-waterfall Abshir-sai.

Lake Issyk-Kul is the second largest in the world and, perhaps, the first in a surprising color of water - richly blue, almost ultramarine. Issyk-Kul water is exceptionally clear and slightly salty in taste, since about 80 rivers flow into it, and none of them flow out. In the vicinity of the lake hot springs are beating and there are deposits of therapeutic mud.

You can live the nomadic life of this Kirgiz by going to the high mountain pastures "jailoo" - healthy sleep under the canopy of the yurt, a cup of kumys in the morning and all day in the fresh air - this is the key to Asian health.

Geography

Kyrgyzstan is landlocked in Central Asia. Kyrgyzstan, an area of ​​Mongolia and is 199.951 square meters. km, is one of the small states of Central Asia. The national territory extends approximately 900 km from east to west and 410 km from north to south. The country is bordered by the country of Tajikistan. Borders with Uzbekistan and the Fergana Valley are quite difficult to reach. One of the consequences of the Stalinist division of Central Asia into the five republics. Three enclaves were created for the country of Tajikistan.

Climate

Kyrgyzstan is sharply continental climate. The amount of precipitation is relatively small; about 250 sunny days a year. July temperature is -4 ...- 6 ° C, July - +18 ... + 24 ° C. winds from Siberia: -14 ...- 20 ° C in January and +8 ... + 12 ° C in July. In the Fergana Valley, it was a warm day and it was warming up to +35 ° C. You can go to jailoo from mid-May to early October, you can go to the north. It is a trekking season.

National cuisine

Kyrgyzstan is sharply continental climate. The amount of precipitation is relatively small; about 250 sunny days a year. July temperature is -4 ...- 6 ° C, July - +18 ... + 24 ° C. winds from Siberia: -14 ...- 20 ° C in January and +8 ... + 12 ° C in July. In the Fergana Valley, it was a warm day and it was warming up to +35 ° C. You can go to jailoo from mid-May to early October, you can go to the north. It is a trekking season.

The meat is boiled, the broth is served in the first course, then the individual pieces of meat as a prelude to the second, and then the remaining meat is chopped and mixed with the broth and homemade noodles. Guests are traditionally offered delicacies - cheeks, brain and eyes. Another favorite dish is boiled horse sausage "chuchuk". It is used both independently and as part of other foods. Many dishes have come to the national cuisine of Kyrgyzstan from neighboring countries: soup "shorpo", pilaf and shish kebab, samsa and manti - and they have been enriched with local nuances and are already perceived as originally Kyrgyz. The best pilaf, for example, is considered to be Osh. Fat food is washed down with milk drinks - koumiss based on mare's milk, airan and local varieties of yogurt. In all other cases, tea is consumed in abundance: green or black (here it is called "Kyzyl tea" - red tea) with nuts, dried fruits, flat cakes and pies.

Useful information

Time
Kyrgyzstan is in the time zone with standard time (GMT + 6)

Language
This Republic is the only one among Central Asian in the post-Soviet expanses, where Russian is the official language. In Kyrgyzstan, it has this status along with the Kyrgyz since 1989. In total, the country owns more than 2.5 million people.

Religion
The overwhelming number of believers (82.7%) in the Kyrgyz Republic are Muslims. 16% of believers consider themselves Christians: the Russians traditionally practice Orthodoxy, the Germans are divided into Catholics and Lutherans. The Protestant movements (Baptists, Pentecostals, Adventists) include both the Russian-speaking population and the Kyrgyz [. There are also small groups of Bahá'ís, Jews, and Buddhists in the Kyrgyz Republic.

Population
The total population of Kyrgyzstan 6.202 million people

Emergency phones
Fire Service 101
Police 102
Ambulance 103
Emergency Rescue Service 110
Civil Defense and Emergencies Ministry Rescue Service 161

Connection
International telephone code of Kyrgyzstan +996

Currency
The official currency of Kyrgyzstan is Kyrgyz Som

Customs regulations
There are no restrictions on the import and export of national and foreign currency (all money and valuables are necessarily declared). The declaration must be maintained until departure from the country.

Up to 1000 cigarettes or up to 1000 g of tobacco products can be imported duty free; up to 1.5 liters of strong alcoholic beverages and up to 2 liters of wine; a reasonable amount of perfume for personal use, as well as other products worth $ 5000 or less. Customs inspection can be quite lengthy and detailed.

The importation of drugs and potent medicines (without a prescription confirming the need for their use), weapons and ammunition, printed materials and video materials directed against the state system of Kyrgyzstan, as well as animals, fruits and vegetables is prohibited without an appropriate permission from the sanitary and veterinary service of the country. Prohibited the export of certain foods, minerals and rocks without the permission of the relevant authorities, gold (declared) and precious stones

Holidays and non-working days
January 1 - 2 - New Year
January 7 - Christmas
February 23 - Defender of the Fatherland Day
March 8 - International Women's Day
March 21 - Nooruz
April 7 - April Revolution Day
May 1 - Labor Day
May 5 - Constitution Day of Kyrgyzstan
May 9 - Victory Day
August 31 - Independence Day
November 7-8 - Days of Ancestral History and Memory
Days change - Orozo Ait and Kurman Ait


Transport
The most popular way to travel between cities and villages of Kyrgyzstan - buses and taxis. The first ones are de jure scheduled, and de facto, when the salon is maximally filled, the second ones start off only when all passenger seats are occupied. Minibuses are a bit more expensive than buses. If you want to go immediately, you can simply pay for the remaining seats. By the same principle, minibus can be rented for the whole day at a bargain price. Domestic flights of the Airlines of Kyrgyzstan connect Bishkek with Osh (four times a day, 1 hour in flight), Jalalabad and Batken. By rail, you can navigate between Balykchi, Tokmok, Bishkek and Kara-Balta. Trains are two times cheaper than minibuses, but the journey is twice as long. In the cities of Kyrgyzstan it is worth moving by taxi - they are not at all expensive.

Shopping
You can bring kalpak felted hats and items of national costume from Kyrgyzstan: ichken quilted robes, wide trousers and swing skirts, leather shoes, traditional leather vessels and cases, for example, koumiss. The visiting card of the national crafts of Kyrgyzstan is the felt carpet "shyrdak" made of sheep wool, decorated with bright national patterns. Such carpets are not cheap, but truly eternal. Pay attention to products made of wood: chests and boxes, cases, coasters, interior items and chess. The fair sex will appreciate the Kyrgyz jewelry: the usual bracelets, rings, earrings and exotic forehead and neck pendants.

Photogallery