Kazakhstan

The Republic of Kazakhstan shocks the traveler with the majesty of the boundless steppes and the golden domes of mosques, the blue expanses of Lake Balkhash and the modern buildings of Astana. Cities of the Great Silk Road and the Baikonur Cosmodrome are all about Kazakhstan: news, maps, prices and tours.

Kazakhstan is located in the very center of Eurasia, to the south of the Ural Mountains. Here, in an unusual way, antiquity and modernity, eastern traditions and western modernism intertwined with each other. The boundless southern steppes, mountains and lakes, the Great Silk Road and the Baikonur cosmodrome - all this is Kazakhstan. Today, the country offers tourists several options for travel: educational tours around the country, ethnic and eco-tours, as well as treatment, hunting, fishing and mountaineering.

The largest of the former Soviet republics of Kazakhstan - it is also the ninth largest country in the world, very rich in natural resources. Since independence, the development of the country has been leaps and bounds. Just look at modern Astana to see this. At the same time, in remote regions, travelers can discover the untouched nature of Kazakhstan: deserts, ancient cities, beautiful, almost alpine landscapes.

Cities and regions
The capital is Astana. Popular ski resort - Chimbulak

Entertainment and Attractions
Medeo and Chimbulak - resort areas, known for a unique combination of mild climate, majestic mountains and modern sports facilities, are located in the foothills of the Trans-Ili Alatau, 15 km from Almaty. The world-famous alpine skating rink, built in 1972, was opened in Medeo.

The Trans-Ili Alatau and Köngei-Alatau are majestic mountain peaks, stretching two ridges from east to west between Alma-Ata and Issyk-Kul lake in Kyrgyzstan. They are ideal for lovers of extreme sports: this is an area of ​​mountain glaciers, wild rivers and valleys, among which there are many mountain trails for trekking of the most different length and steepness. Some of them are suitable for Issyk-Kul lake. The season here lasts from June to September.

Shymkent and Taraz were at one time the largest cities of the Middle Ages, located on the Great Silk Road. As a rule, excursions around Shymkent include a visit to the "Holy Place" in Sairam district and "Arystanbaba" - places of worship for saints. And in Taraz you can visit the Museum of History, Aisha-Bibi Mausoleum - a place of pilgrimage for Muslims, and the Mausoleum of Sypatay-Batyr.

The main attraction of Turkestan is the Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmet Yasavi (12th century). In addition, there you can visit the Turkestan Fair and the famous Turkestan Mosque.

Lake Balkhash, located in the east of Kazakhstan, is a unique natural formation. It is very large in area, but at the same time very small. An amazing feature of the lake: the water in its eastern half is salty, and in the western half it is fairly fresh, so even the types of fish that live in different parts of the lake are different.

Geography

The largest country in area, which is part of the Turkic Council (S - 2 724 902 km2), is located within Central Asia and the European part of Eurasia, in two parts of the world Asia and Europe, the border between them along the Emba River (along other sources on the Ural River) and the Mugodzharam Mountains. It has northern borders with Russia (7.5 thousand km), eastern - with China (1.78 thousand km), southern - with Kyrgyzstan (1.2 thousand km), Uzbekistan (2.3 thousand km) and Turkmenistan (426 km). The length of the country from west to east is 2.9 thousand km, and from north to south 1.6 thousand km. It is washed by the waters of two internal seas: the Caspian Sea-lake and the Aral Sea.

Climate

The climate is sharply continental, dry. Its peculiarity is a big difference between winter and summer temperatures, dry air, insignificant rainfall over most of the territory, long harsh winters and short summers in the north, short winters and hot summers in the south. The average July temperature is +19 ° C in the north and +30 ° C in the south of the country, in January - from -18 ° C to -3 ° C in the north and south, respectively.

The best time to visit the country is spring (from April to June) and autumn (from September to November), in the summer it may be too hot. 


National cuisine

In Kazakhstan, it is customary to eat tastefully and without haste. The traditional meal of the Kazakhs begins with dairy drinks: guests are offered koumiss (mare's milk), shubat (camel's milk) or ayran (sour cow's milk), which not only quenches thirst, but also strengthens the immune system. Modern national cuisine includes not only native Kazakh dishes, but also many dishes from other nations living in South Kazakhstan. Some dishes are prepared only in a tandoor - a special clay oven. It is believed that the real samsa comes out only in tandyr, it also bakes traditional bread.

Useful information

Time
Kazakhstan is located in two time zones with UTC + 5 standard time (for example, Aktau and Uralsk) and UTC + 6 (Alma-Ata, Astana, Pavlodar). Transition is not summer time.

Tongue
The state language is Kazakh, which is one of the largest languages ​​of the Turkic group. A large-scale work is under way in the country to reform and develop the official status of the state language.

Religion
The country's constitution defines the Republic of Kazakhstan as a secular state. The main religions represented in Kazakhstan are Islam and Christianity (mainly Orthodoxy), Judaism and Buddhism are also present. Part of the population of Kazakhstan is non-believers.

Population
The total population of Kazakhstan as of December 1, 2018 is 18,376,178 people. According to the data for the beginning of 2018, the ethnic group of Kazakhs makes up the majority of the population (67.47%). The following are Russians (19.76%), Uzbeks (3.18%), Ukrainians (1.53%), Uygurs (1.46%), Tatars (1.11%) and others.

Emergency phones
Fire Service 101
Police 102
Ambulance 103
Emergency operational service 112

Connection
International telephone code of Kakhakhstan +7

Currency
The official monetary unit of Kazakhstan is Kazakhstan tenge

Holidays and non-working days
January 1 - 2 - New Year
January 7 - Orthodox Christmas
March 8 - International Women's Day
March 21 - 23 - Nauryz
May 1 - the holiday of unity of the people of Kazakhstan
May 7 - Defender of the Fatherland Day
May 9 - Victory Day
July 6 - Capital Day
August 30 - Constitution Day of the Republic of Kazakhstan
The first day of Kurban-ait
December 1 - Day of the First President of the Republic of Kazakhstan
December 16 - 17 - Independence Day

Transport
City transport is mainly represented by buses and shuttles, in Almaty, they are also added trams. The fare in minibuses is not much higher than in regular city buses, but they go more often and stay late. The fare is usually shown on the windshield, side window or in the cabin - all, as we have. Taxis are in all major cities. In most of the "engines," meters are an unnecessary overkill: they are either absent altogether or not included by the driver - so the price must be negotiated in advance. Taxis can be ordered by phone, online or just catch on the street. In addition to official taxis, you can use the services of a private trader: it is cheaper, but such a trip is at your own risk.

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